The Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR) was drawn up in 1957 and has been regularly updated ever since. Now, as electric cars are increasingly in use, this legislation is more relevant than ever as the transit of lithium batteries becomes more commonplace.
In the ADR, Special Provision 376 contains a chapter on lithium-ion cells or batteries and lithium metal cells or batteries, and their transport and disposal if damaged and critical. The THIELMANN Battery Safe Box conforms to all the specifications in this regulation, and here, we’ll summarize how.
The status of these defective or damaged batteries is divided into two categories: defective non-critical and defective critical. For non-critical damaged batteries or cells, the transit container must conform to Packing Instruction P 908 of subsection 188.8.131.52 or Packing Instruction LP 904 of subsection 184.108.40.206 of the ADR.
For defective critical batteries, which may emit toxic, corrosive, or flammable gases, vapor, flames, or heat, the packaging must conform to specifications outlined in Packing Instruction P 911 of subsection 220.127.116.11 or Packing Instruction LP 906 of subsection 18.104.22.168. THIELMANN provides solutions for both scenarios.
For Packaging Instructions P 908 and P 911, packaging with UN-approval according to 4A is used. This allows several batteries or modules can be packed and transported at the same time up to a maximum load of 400 kg. Our packaging is approved for dangerous articles of Packaging Group I, II, III.
For the Packaging Instructions LP 904 and LP 906, packaging with UN approval according to 50A is used. THIELMANN’s design allows for the packing and transportation of a maximum load of 1195kg, in full compliance with the regulations specified for Packaging Group I, II, III. Only one battery, battery system, or module up to this weight may be transported in this packaging.
Special features of packing instructions LP 906 and P911 also include:
The temperature of the outer surface of the complete package must not exceed 100°C (a brief temperature peak of up to 200°C is permissible);
No flame may form outside the package;
No splinters may escape from the package;
The structural integrity of the package must be maintained and
The packaging may have to have a gas management system ( filter system)
Considering the safety issues at stake when handling defective batteries, only THIELMANN expertise and precision will do. Learn more about the Battery Safe Box here.